Major Slum Rehabilitation Projects in India
Almost 27% of the urban population lives in slums in India. Let us have a look at some of the Government and Private sector initiatives taken toward slum redevelopment.
• Kathputli Colony Redevelopment, Delhi
The Delhi Development Authority’s (DDA) plans to provide permanent housing to residents of slums at Kathputli Colony. The slum was selected for Delhi’s first in-situ redevelopment project and an agreement was signed to this effect in 2009 for development of 5.22 hectares of the colony. Apart from the residential units, the project includes community spaces for a heritage museum, an amphitheatre, retail outlets, a police post, religious site, weekly market, a children’s park and an area for wedding ceremonies, said the developer.The colony is one of the biggest and oldest slums located in Shadipur Depot, housing puppeteers, acrobats, storytellers, folk dancers and painters, who had been under threat of losing their art and livelihoods. The colony is the only such place that is a home to street performers from 14 states belonging to diverse communities. The tender for redevelopment was won in a competitive process by the Delhi based Raheja Developers.
• Dharavi Redevelopment Plan, Mumbai
The Slum redevelopment in Dharavi called the Dharavi Redevelopment Plan (DRP), is a public – private partnership project. The method is to divide Dharavi into 32 sectors or units based on boundaries that the residents feel define their neighbourhoods, in which 5 sectors are selected to be the first step of the DRP. Dharavi redevelopment has been a topic of discussion since almost 20 years now. There are 55 thousand families as per government estimates, who are eligible for new houses after redevelopment. The entire redevelopment of Dharavi would be roughly more than Rs 30 thousand crore and yet despite repeated efforts by government through various schemes there were no bidders for this project. Now, the state government has decided to float special purpose vehicle (separate company) for the redevelopment project.
• Pune Nirvana Hills Slum Rehabilitation Project
The Nirvana Hills Phase 2 Project is located at Survey Number 44/1, Erandwana in the Haveli Taluka of the city of Pune, India. KSDPL isundertaking the execution of phase II of project named ’45, Nirvana Hills’ It is being executedon the area admeasuring 2.10 mnsq.ft. It consist of 31 slum rehabilitation buildings of 11storeys each and 2 residential sale buildings of 22 storey each located at Karve Road, Pune.Kumar Sinew Developers Private Ltd, (KSDPL) a project specific Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) of Kumar Builders is a 100% subsidiary of KUL Urban Development Pvt. Ltd.The project is expected to be completed by July 2022. The projectis slum rehabilitation cum residential project to develop the slum property under MaharashtraSlum Areas (Improvement, Clearance and Redevelopment) Act. 1971.
• Ramtekdi Pune – Slum Rehabilitation Project
The Ramtekdi slums which spread over more than 50 acre wasNaiknavare’s pilot project in Slum Rehabilitation. They have taken 15 acres of this land for redevelopment. The project will consist of 7 buildings with 11-storied providing a permanent roof to about 1176 slum dwellers. Each unit in these buildings is a self-contained house of 25 sq. m and is equipped with basic civic amenities and community facilities. Naiknavare Developers also plan to provide an extra housing stock as affordable rentals to new migrants and families. The income generated from these rentals will pay for the maintenance and upkeep of their new formal housing.
• NagooranThottam, Chennai
In-situ construction in NagooranThottam was started in 2015 and completed in 2016. The newly constructed quarters have the capacity to shelter 24 families with each portion measuring 400 sq ft. This was one of several redevelopment projects kicked off by the Tamil Nadu Slum Clearance Board (TNSCB), in alignment with the objectives of the ‘Housing for All by 2022’ scheme, launched by the Government of India under the PMAY in 2015.