Office Space Demand & Absorption

Office Space Demand & Absorption
Mar 2017 , by , in Realty+ Connect

Strengthening business confidences resulted in net absorption of office space across the top eight cities[1]to at 34 million square feet (msf) during 2016 according to international property consultants Cushman &Wakefield.

Of the total uptake of office space, nearly 40% of the total net absorption took place in the last quarter of 2016.Bengaluru recorded the highest net absorption during the year, with Hyderabad surpassing Pune to emerge as the second-largest market in 2016. Delhi followed the two southern cities in terms of net absorption with activity witnessed in Gurgaon and Noida.

NET ABSORPTION (in msf) SUPPLY (in msf)
2015 2016 % CHG 2015 2016 % CHG
Ahmedabad 0.6 0.7 7% 1.7 3.3 98%
Bengaluru 9.6 12.4 28% 8.7 12.8 47%
Chennai 3.6 2.9 -20% 2.8 1.9 -31%
Delhi-NCR 4.8 4.3 -9% 10.9 3.6 -67%
Hyderabad 5.5 6.3 14% 2.9 5.6 93%
Kolkata 1.0 0.8 -22% 3.4 1.0 -71%
Mumbai 3.2 3.3 4% 3.4 5.3 56%
Pune 6.2 3.3 -47% 7.7 3.1 -60%
Total 34.5 34.0 -1% 41.5 36.6 -12%

Source: Cushman & Wakefield Research

“Despite many changes globally, that could change the course of business, India remained one of the most optimistic markets in the recent times. In 207, majority of the activities will be led by consolidation and expansion of businesses.Bengaluru has once again been the best performing market, and we expect the traction to continue. Investors and occupiers are keenly watching the Hyderabad market, where we see continued demand next year.” Anshul Jain, Managing Director, India Cushman & Wakefield said.


Bengaluru: Bengaluru’s net Absorption rose 28% to 12.7 msf during 2017. Large part of the activity stemmed from the last quarter of the year when projects spanning a whopping sevenmsf came into supply, with majority of them previously pre-committed to by occupiers. The spurt in supply in the last quarter of the year was driven by a substantial number of projects receiving their occupancy certificates. The Outer Ring Road submarket accounted for 54% of the net absorption during the year, distantly followed by the Peripheral East submarket comprising of Whitefield.

Hyderabad: Hyderabad’s net absorptionrose 14% to 6.3 msf, while supply rose more than two-fold to 5.6 msf during 2016. Hyderabad, is in the midst of frenzied activity from investors and businesses since last yearresulting from the government’s investor-friendly policies and improving infrastructure. The IT-BPM sector’s leasing remained buoyant in the city. . During 2016, Madhapur continued to be the preferred submarket for occupiers, with the submarket accounting for 60% of net absorption in the city. Madhapuralso witnessedfour million square feet of supply, over 70% of the 5.6msf supply in the entire city.

Delhi-NCR: During 2016, Delhi-NCR witnessed approximately 4.3 msf of net absorption, a 9% drop from last year as companies continued to consolidate their offices in Gurgaon and Noida for greater productivity and cost efficiencies. Almost half of the net absorption during the year was seen in the Gurgaon Others market, with Noida being a close second. With the capital region already having witnessed a record 11 msf of supply in 2015, the year 2016 saw moderate supply of 3.6 msf with the aforementioned two submarkets seeing substantial shares as vacancies remain high in the peripheral submarkets.

Mumbai: Demand in Mumbai bounced back in 2016 with the city witnessing a 4% increase in net absorption to 3.3 msfas expansion strategies of companies bore fruition in the form of fresh space uptake during the last three months of the year. The Thane-Belapur submarket accounted for 20% of the leasing activity, as the market continues to be attractive for occupiers. Competitive rentals hovering around USD 1/sf/month, planned infrastructure in the location and availability of quality Grade A space is attracting occupiers, especially in the IT-BPM, space to this belt.

Pune: Pune witnessed a 47% drop in net absorption during 2016 to 3.3 msf as leasing from IT-BPM sector dropped due to deferment of supply. Lack of available space also led to a lower share of IT-BPM sector in large deals (above 100,000 sf) in the city. Supply was subdued during the year in Pune, declining by 60% to 3.1 msf. The SBD East submarket comprising Kalyani Nagar, Kharadi, Mundhwa, Yerwada, Nagar Road, Viman Nagar, Hadapsar, and Kondhwa accounted for majority of the net absorption and supply during the year.

Chennai: In Chennai, net absorption declined by 20% to 2.9 msf, as the city witnessedfewer large deals (above 100,000 sf) in the market, as against 2015.Roughly 1.2 msfof the net absorption was seen in Suburban South submarket comprising of Perungudi, Taramani, Thiruvanmiyur and Velachery. The total supply in Chennaideclined 31% to 1.9msf during 2016, with majority seen in the Suburban South market.

Kolkata: Net absorption in Kolkata dropped 22% to 0.8 msf in 2016, as the year was marked by small-sized deals in a weak market. The business sentiments in the Kolkata market continued to remain subdued, which also led to 71% lower supply to 1 msfI 2016. Sector V Salt Lake remained the preferred submarket, accounting for 72% of the leasing activity during the year.

Ahmedabad: In Ahmedabad, supply rose two-fold to 3.3 msfduring the year- the highest levels the city has seen since 2011. On the other hand, net absorption was noted at 0.7 msf during 2016, a 7% increase from 2015 levels. S.G Highway witnessed the maximum net absorption and supply during the year.

Sector wise Break-up

The total leasing activities that took place in 2016 across the top eight cities amounted to 42.3 msf which was lower by 22% over the previous year.  The top sector leading the total leasing table were IT- BPM at 52% of total space uptake in 2016. Bengaluru remained the preferred IT-BPM destination constituting 37% of the total leasing activity followed by Hyderabad at 26%. These were followed by Chennai and Delhi at 11% and 10% share respectively.

Consulting services took up approximately 6% of the total office space leased while BFSI amounted for about 4% of the total leasing in 2016. Pharma& Healthcare constituted about 3.2% while E- commerce formed about 1.5% of the volume of office space leasing transactions in 2016. While all major sectors saw a slowdown in the total volume of transaction, Energy & Chemicals was one the only sector that recorded a rise in total leasing activities at approximately 53% growth y- o- y over the previous year.



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